There are essential nutrients that your body cannot generate in sufficient quantity. According to the World Health Organization, these nutrients must be obtained from food and are essential for growth, preventing diseases, and good health. There are two categories of essential nutrients.
These are macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients, including carbohydrates, fat, and protein, should be consumed in large amounts since they provide energy to your body. You can consume micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals in small doses. These essential macronutrients and micronutrients are composed of these major groups.
Carbohydrates are essential for a healthy body. Carbs can power up your body, most especially your brain and central nervous system. It can also protect you against disease. Carbohydrates should comprise 45 % to 65 % of your total calories every day. So, it is important to avoid the low-carb craze.
However, keep in mind that the type of carb that you consume does matter. Hence, you have to be cautious before reaching out for that pasta or white bread. Some types of carbs are healthier compared to the others. It is best to choose beans, whole grains, and fibre-rich fruits and vegetables rather than refined products that include sugar.
This nutrient is necessary for achieving good health. It seems to be popular in the workout community. Also, it is responsible for providing building blocks for the body. But aside from the muscle, almost all the cells in your body, from your hair to your skin and bones, include protein. It is essentially used for good health, growth, as well as body maintenance. Proteins can be found in your antibodies, hormones, and other essential substances in your body.
Proteins are composed of different amino acids. Although your body can generate some amino acids on its own, there are still a lot of essential amino acids that can only be obtained from food. For your body to function effectively, you should have different varieties of amino acids.
Most people think that fats are bad. However, based on recent studies, having healthy fats are an essential part of a healthy diet. According to Harvard Medical School, fats can support most of the functions of your body, including blood clotting, absorbing vitamins and minerals, muscle movement, and building cells.
Ultimately, fats have a high level of calories. However, these calories provide energy to your body. 20% to 35% of your daily calories should come from foods that are rich in fats, according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. By including healthy fats in your diet, you can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. It can help you balance your blood sugar. Most importantly, it can improve your brain function. Fats can also reduce the risk of cancer, arthritis, and Alzheimer’s disease.
Vitamins are essential in keeping you healthy and preventing disease. Your body requires micronutrients so it can function properly. Essential vitamins include vitamins A, C, B6, and D. Each of these vitamins has an essential role in your body. It would be best if you got enough of them to avoid health problems and disease.
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Just like vitamins, minerals are also required to support your body. Minerals are needed for most body functions, such as regulating your metabolism, building strong bones and teeth, and staying hydrated. Iron, calcium, and zinc are some of the most common minerals.
Your diet should include healthy carbs, proteins and fats, from balanced sources such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains so you can get the most of these essential nutrients.