Behaviour modification is a term which refers to various techniques used to eliminate or limit undesirable behaviours and increase behaviours with positive outcomes. There is a plethora of destructive behaviours which adults identify and want to eliminate but cannot do so. In such a scenario, a qualified counsellor implements behaviour modification techniques to change such behaviours.
Behaviour modification counselling for adults is widely used for many disorders such as anxiety, depression, panic disorder, anger issues, phobias, PTSD, OCD, substance abuse, self-harm, etc. There are multiple techniques of behaviour modification.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
CBT uses cognitive therapy to bring about behavioural modification. The crux of the therapy is based on the person’s thoughts and beliefs which affect his/her behaviour. The aim of this therapy is to change the person’s thinking and its associated behaviour towards more positive outcome. Finding ways to solve the problems of the person which are having an impact on the thoughts and behaviours is also an important task for the counsellor.
Classical conditioning is also known as applied behaviour analysis. Flooding, Systemic Desensitization and Aversion Therapy are the techniques of classical conditioning. Flooding is used to treat phobias and anxiety. The fulcrum of this technique is to expose the person to a situation or object which generates anxiety or fear in him/her. Since the person is not able to escape the situation or object, he/she confronts the fear.
Over a period of time, fear lessens and ultimately a positive behavioural change is achieved. Systemic desensitization replaces fear response with relaxation response. The therapist teaches breathing and other relaxation techniques to the person which are practiced while being exposed to the cause of fear. This gradually enables the person to confront his/her fear in a relaxed state of mind.
Aversion therapy seeks to the pair the undesirable behaviour with a negative stimulus in order to reduce and finally eliminate the undesirable behaviour. This technique is commonly used to treat alcoholism and substance abuse. For example, teaching an alcoholic person to link alcohol with unpleasant memories helps in creating an aversion to alcohol.
Depression has a negative impact on your life since it affects both your mental and physical well-being. It makes it more difficult to take pleasure in anything in your immediate environment.
Thus, behaviour modification has been shown to be effective in the treatment of anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and enuresis (bed-wetting), among other conditions. Some techniques of behaviour adjustment require advance planning and effort, while others are as simple as common sense. Find out what you can do to kick your bad habit as soon as possible.