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The Different Types of Counseling: A Comprehensive Guide




Did you know that there are almost 1 billion people around the globe affected by mental health issues? Luckily, counseling services are becoming more and more available worldwide.

Are you interested in exploring counseling options? Are you unsure of the benefits of counseling? Perhaps you’d like to become a counselor yourself?

The following guide will explain the most common types of counseling available today. It will also go over how they might be helpful to you or someone you know. Read on to learn more about this important field.

Youth Counseling

This type of counseling benefits people between the ages of 10 and 19 or slightly younger. The focus of youth counseling programs such as Youthline is to help give support, advice, and information to young people in need.

This can cover a broad range of issues like family or peer conflicts, substance abuse, trauma, and trouble at school. They may also specialize in specific mental disorders such as childhood depression or ADHD.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT is common for both teens and adults alike. It primarily focuses on childhood and upbringing. It’s used to identify learned patterns and coping strategies that shape who we’ve become.

The therapist and patient work together and try to change these patterns and replace them with healthier alternatives. It’s common for patients to receive homework and keep records of their thoughts and feelings in between counseling sessions.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Dialectical is similar to cognitive but uses mindfulness and acceptance.  It was initially for patients with suicidal thoughts but is now used to also help patients with mood spectrum disorders, like borderline personality disorder.

The sessions usually focus on interpersonal skills and problem-solving. Counselors monitor behavior over time. The overall goal is to help manage the emotions of patients.

Read Also: Top 5 Factors to Consider When Choosing an Addiction Counselor

Group Counseling

Some patients prefer a group setting with others who have similar stories and issues. Depression and anxiety, addiction, trauma, and abuse are all types of issues treated through group counseling.

Patients are given the chance to learn from others while processing their own individual experiences. Also, these sessions are also more affordable, which makes them an excellent option for those on a tight budget.

Family Counseling

Family counselors assist a family unit with its own unique approach. It can be for an entire household, a parent and child, or any combination of family members. Sometimes counselors request a session with just one individual.

Sessions might address things like individual addiction or interpersonal conflicts, but often focus on the family as a whole to build better communication between each individual.

Marriage counseling is very similar but considered a different type of counseling. The techniques are comparable except the focus is exclusively on couples.

Types of Counseling for You

Now you know some of the most common types of counseling, who they serve, and their techniques to help patients. Don’t hesitate to reach out for professional help to start living a happier life.

Browse our other articles for more great advice to help your everyday professional and personal life.

James Smith is the writer for Munchkin Press. He is a young American writer from California and is currently traveling around the world. He has a passion for helping people and motivates others.

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